Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) is becoming increasingly important as a means of maximising and optimising the value (economic, engineering, utilitarian, etc.) of every tree that comes from the forest. Much of the work has been completed in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory as well as the Agricultural Research Service with the overall intent of improving lumber and wood products standards and valuation. Thus, the future impact of NDE needs to be strengthened. By R Dan Seale, Rubin Shmulsky and Frederico Jose Nistal Franca, Forest and Wildlife Research Center, Mississippi State University

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The built environment is one of the greatest contributors to carbon emissions, climate change, and to the unsustainable pressure on the natural environment and its ecosystems. The use of more timber in construction is one possible response, but a global encouragement of such a strategy raises some difficult questions. Existing evidence points indeed towards timber as the lower carbon option when modelled through life cycle assessment without having to draw on arguments around carbon storage, although issues remain. By Jim Hart and Francesco Pomponi, Edinburgh Napier University

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Edge Banding has given rise to many an opportunity to various departments which cater and feeds a number of human heads. These days, one must also consider market conditions and must be prepared to face the worst due to COVID 19 pandemic. There still seems to a lot of scope left for the improvisation and development of the Edge materials, machine design, quality, workability, feasibility and various other aspects involved in the trade. By SHIV KUMAR SHET, consultant from Ferwood Srl & Mishma Engineers

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This article was aimed at identifying opportunities for cleaner production (CP) from the process flow analysis of a furniture manufacturing company located in the municipality of Palhoça in Brazil. In addition, the association of CP to process flows would be a preventive measure leads to a new connection between process optimisation and environmental performance. By Patrícia Soares Lins, Rita Dione Araujo Cunha, Asher Kiperstok and Sandro Fábio César, Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Áurea Luiza Rosa e Silva Quixabeira Rapôso, Federal Institute of Alagoas (IFAL) 

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Several studies have shown the economic value of various ecosystem services provided by the forest. However, the economic value of how site-specific ecological conditions interact with other functions provided by the forest. As a result, a numerical discrete dynamic optimisation model was constructed to estimate the economic value of site quality, taking into account its interaction with timber value and carbon sequestration, in Swedish forests. By Ing-Marie Gren, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Franklin Amuakwa-Mensah, University of Gothenburg

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The forest-based bioproduct field has diversified into the chemical, medical, energy, nanoproduct, and construction material sectors. This paper argues that forest-based bioeconomy has kept the focus on conventional products and new bioproducts have primarily been developed as extensions to existing product portfolios due to a lock-in mechanism, i.e., a state where an economy gradually locks itself to a dominant market position due to technical interrelatedness, economies of scale, and quasi-irreversibility of investment. By Jukka Luhas, Mirja Mikkilä, Ville Uusitalo and Lassi Linnanen, LUT University

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Different types of dryers are available however; it is known that rotary dryers have low cost of maintenance and consume 15 percent and 30 percent less in terms of specific energy. The study analyzed the drying process of woody residues using a new prototype of mobile rotary dryer cocurrent flow. By Angelo Del Giudice, Andrea Acampora, Enrico Santangelo, Luigi Pari, Simone Bergonzoli and Francesco Gallucci, Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria (CREA), Ettore Guerriero, Francesco Petracchini, Marco Torre, Valerio Paolini

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Sustainable development, as an integral part of building an economically rational market, is a challenge which is faced by many branches of the economy. Industry 4.0 can help the furniture industry achieves sustainable development. By Anna Wiśniewska-Sałek, Czestochowa University of Technology

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The advent of technology with its continuous improvisations seems to be a never ending quest for many a company which stands to endure the tests in competition by their counterparts from their relative industry. By Shiv Kumar Shet, consultant for Mishma Engineers and to Ferwood India

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As technology continues to facilitate the move towards fully autonomous and customised production, many companies around the world have unveiled new solutions that will redefine manufacturing practices. From self-driving logging trucks to machining centres to hand tools, FDM Asia looks at the latest product innovations.

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